Year 2011-2012 2011-2012 2011-2012 2013-2014 2014-2015
Wave 1 2 3 4a 4 5
Age 19 weeks gest 26 weeks gest 36 weeks gest birth 12 months 2 years
Facial shape and symmetry   O:3D anthropometric mask* (n = 518)

Featured measurements

3D anthropometric mask


* Protocol is based on Claes et al:
Claes, P. (2007). A robust statistical surface registration framework using implicit function representations: Application in craniofacial reconstruction. Doctor of Philosophy, KU, Leuven
Claes, P., Liberton, D., Daniels, K., Rosana, K., Quillen, E., Pearson, L., Mcevoy, B., Baucher, M., Zaidi, A., Yao, W., Tang, H., Barsh, G., Absher, D., Puts, D., Rocha, J., Beleza, S., Pereira, R., Baynam, G., Suetens, P., Vandermeulen, D., Wagner, J., Boster, J. and Shriver, M. (2014). Modelling 3D facial shape from DNA. PLOS Genetics, 10
Claes, P., Walters, M. and Clement, J. (2012). Improved facial outcome assessment using a 3D anthropometric mask. International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, 41: 324-330
Claes, P., Walters, M., Shriver, M., Puts, D., Gibson, G., Clement, J., Baynam, G., Verbeke, G., Vandermeulen, D. and Suetens, P. (2012). Sexual dimorphism in multiple aspects of 3D facial symmetry and asymmetry defined by spatially dense geometric morphometrics. Journal of Anatomy, 221: 97-114
Claes, P., Walters, M., Vandermeulen, D. and Clement, J. (2011). Spatially-dense 3D facial asymmetry assessment for both typical and disordered growth. Journal of Anatomy, 219: 444-455


A = Administration report abstraction
C = Index child report (reporting on others)
L = Linkage (to other databases)
M = Medical records data abstraction
O = Observation/direct assessment
N = Nurse report
P = Parent/primary caregiver report
Pe = Peer report
S = Self report
T = Teacher report
X = Undefined
X BF = Pertaining to biological father
X BM = Pertaining to biological mother
C = Pertaining to index child
X F = Pertaining to father
X Fam = Pertaining to family
X G = Pertaining to grandparent(s)
X M = Pertaining to mother
X P = Pertaining to parent(s)
X Pa = Pertaining to partner
X Pe = Pertaining to peers
X Pr = Pertaining to primary caregiver
X Si = Pertaining to sibling(s)