The Memory Maestros (MM) study, commenced in 2012, investigated working memory in children recruited in Grade 1 from 44 schools across metropolitan Melbourne, Australia. MM has two components:

  • An observational cohort study, following 1802 children over 24 months, examining the relationship between working memory development and educational outcomes.
  • A nested population based RCT of a working memory intervention, involving 452 children with low working memory. Participating children were identified as having low working memory by screening the MM cohort. The trial compared cognitive training using a school-based computerised working memory program with usual classroom teaching, and examined functional outcomes at 6, 12 and 24 months.

Conclusions from the MM study led to recommendations being provided to the Victorian Department of Education and Training about the efficacy of using adaptive working memory training interventions within schools and dissemination of information to departments within the Royal Children’s Hospital who provide support for children with learning difficulties.

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