FTND: Fagerstrom Test for Nicotine Dependence

Reference and/or access link:

Heatherton TF, Kozlowski LT, Frecker RC, Fagerstrom KO (1991). The Fagerstrom Test for Nicotine Dependence: a revision of the Fagerstrom Tolerance Questionnaire. Br J Addict 86:1119-27. Pomerleau C S, Majchrezak MI, Pomerleau OF (1989). Nicotine dependence and the Fagerstrom Tolerance Questionnaire: a brief review. J Substance Abuse 1: 471-7.

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